Public Lecture: The Body and the Industrial Workplace, 1780-1850
Wed 15th May 2013
Northumbria University, Lecture Theatre 031, Lipman Building, 5pm
Professor Peter Kirby (Glasgow Caledonian University) will deliver our 2013 Public Lecture at Northumbria University, entitled 'The Body and the Industrial Workplace'. The lecture will take place at 5pm, Lecture Theatre 031 in the Lipman Building. For further information, contact Victoria Brown, email@example.com
Before the mid-nineteenth century, ideas about the relationship between the human body and the industrial workplace were rooted largely in theoretical medical opinions and were rarely informed by empirical observation. Most early medical commentaries on the ailments of industrial occupations were also influenced profoundly by the theories of early authorities such as Ramazzini who ascribed workplace ailments to influences such as harmful vapours, raw materials and unfavourable ergonomics. Medical witnesses to early industrial inquiries seized upon ergonomics to explain skeletal deformities amongst child workers in factories. It was argued that unusual postures and long periods of standing in factories led to widespread skeletal distortion and disabilities. In coalmining, widespread short stature and distinctive body shapes were ascribed similarly to constrained working positions and the influence of heredity. This public lecture discusses how industrial influences upon physical growth and development were reported in the early nineteenth century and suggests that the high profile given to medical diagnoses at the early industrial inquiries served to divert attention from more tangible causes of industrial ill-health and injury.